تاثیر میکوریزا، زئولیت و سوپرجاذب بر رشد و استقراراولیه گیاهچه Agropyron elongatum در اراضی معدنکاوی شده (مطالعه موردی: کارخانه سیمان شرق مشهد)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری علوم مرتع، دانشکده مرتع و آبخیزداری، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان مدیر کارگروه پژوهشکده محیط های خشک،

2 استاد گروه مرتع، دانشکده مرتع و آبخیزداری، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

3 دانشیار دانشکده منابع طبیعی و محیط زیست دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

4 دانشیار گروه آموزشی زراعت واصلاح نباتات دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

مهم‌ترین مرحله در شرایط نامساعد محیطی اراضی معدن‌کاوی شده، استقرار اولیه نشاء گیاهان است که به‌د‌لیل کمبود بارش، فقر عناصر غذایی خاک، بهم‌خوردن لایه‌های مختلف خاک در اراضی معدن‌کاوی شده مناطق خشک و نیمه‌خشک اغلب با شکست مواجه شده می شود. این تحقیق با هدف بررسی امکان افزایش استقراراولیه و رشد گیاه مرتعی Agropyron elongatum در اراضی معدن‌کاوی شده آلوده به فلزات سنگین، ابتدا نشاء‌های کشت شده در گلخانه با میکوریزا (Glomus intraradices)، زئولیت و سوپرجاذب تلقیح و سپس در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار در منطقه نیمه خشک اراضی کارخانه سیمان شرق مشهد در سال 95- 1394 کشت شد. در این تحقیق درصد استقرار، ارتفاع گیاهان کاشته شده، درصد کلونیزاسیون میکوریزا با ریشه گیاه آگروپایرون و برخی از خصوصیات مورفولوژیکی از جمله وزن خشک اندام‌هوایی، وزن خشک ریشه و وزن خشک کل گیاه اندازه‌گیری شد. تیمارهای زئولیت، میکوریزا و سوپرجاذب موجب استقرار اولیه گیاهان (به ترتیب 46 ، 46 و 8 درصد) افزایش ارتفاع (13، 11 و 10 سانتی‌متر)، افزایش وزن خشک اندام هوایی (0.75، 0.69 و 0.41 گرم) و وزن خشک کل گیاه (1.14، 1.06 و 0.51 گرم) نسبت به تیمار شاهد شدند. همچنین تیمارهای زئولیت، میکوریزا موجب افرایش وزن خشک ریشه (0.46 و 0.33 گرم) نسبت به تیمار سوپرجاذب و شاهد شدند. نتایج نشان داد که تیمارهای میکوریزا و زئولیت بیشترین تاثیر را بر-افزایش استقرار اولیه و بهبود خصوصیات رشدی گیاه A. elongatum داشتند و می‌توان جهت استقرار اولیه گیاهان در اراضی معدن‌کاوی شده کارخانه سیمان شرق مشهد پیشنهاد کرد

کلیدواژه‌ها


Abedi Koupai, J., and Mesforoush, M. 2009. Evaluation of Superabsorbent Polymer Application on Yield, Water and Fertilizer Use Efficiency in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus). Iranian Journal of irrigation and drainage, 2(3): 100-111. (In Persian with English Summary)
Ahmed, O. H., Sumalatha, G., and Nik Muhamad, A. M. 2010. Use of zeolite in maize (Zea mays) cultivation on nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus uptake and use efficiency. International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 5(15): 2393-2401.
Ahmadi Azar, F., Hasanloo, T., Imani, A, and Feiziasl V. 2015. Water stress and mineral zeolite application on growth and some physiological characteristics of Mallow (Malva sylvestris). Journal of Plant Researchers, 28(3): 459-474. (In Persian with English Summary)
Akbar Nakhli, S. A., Delkash, M., Ebrazi Bakhshayesh, B., and Kazemian H. 2017. Application of Zeolites for Sustainable Agriculture: a Review on Water and Nutrient Retention. Water Air Soil Pollution, 228(464): 1- 34.
Akhter, J., Mahmood, K., Malik, K. A., Marden, A., Ahmad, M. and Iqbal, M. M. 2004. Effects of hydrogel amendment on water storage of sandy loam and loam soils and seedling growth of barley, wheat and chickpea. Plant soil Environment, 50:463-469
Al Humaid, A., and Moftah, A. E. 2007. Effects of hydrophilic polymer on the survival of Buttonwood seedlings grown under drought stress. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 30(1), 53-66.
Amanifar, S., Aliasgharzad N., Najafi, N., Oustan, Sh., and Bolandnazar, S. 2010. Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Lead Phytoremediation by Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.). Journal of Water and Soil Science, 22(1): 155-168. (In Persian with English Summary)
Azimi, R., Jangju, M., Asghari, H. 2013. Effect of inoculation of mycorrhizal fungus on initial establishment and morphological characteristics of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) in natural conditions. Iranian Journal of Crop Research, 11 (4): 666-676.
Azimi, R., Jangju, M., Asghari, H. 2014a. Effect of inoculation of mycorrhizal fungus on seedling establishment and morphological characteristics of Bromus kopetdaghensis growth under field conditions. Pasture and Watershed Journal, 67 (4): 253-261.
Azimi, R., Jankju, M., and Asghari, H. 2014b. Effect of mycorrhiza inoculation on seedlings establishment and morphological parameters of Medicago sativa L. under field conditions. Journal of Agroecology, 5(4): 424-432. (In Persian with English Summary)
Azimi, R., Jankju, M., Feizi, H., Azimi, A. 2014c. Interaction of SiO2 nanoparticles and seed prechilling on germination and early seedling growth of tall wheatgrass (Agropyron elongatum L.). Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, 16(3): 25-29.
Azimi, R., Hossein Jafari, S., Kianian, M.K., Khaksarzade, V., Amini, A. 2016. Studying Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Symbiotic Effects on Establishment and Morphological Characteristics of Bromus kopetdaghensis on Cadmium Contaminated Soil. Taiwan Water Conservancy, 64(3): 82-91.
Bacchetta, G., Cappai, G., Carucci, A., Tamburini, E. 2015. Use of native plants for the remediation of abandoned mine sites in Mediterranean semiarid environments. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 94:326–333.
Bagherifam, S., Lakziyan, A., Fotovat, A., Khorasani, R., Akbarzadeh, S., and Motedayen, A. 2014. Immobilization of arsenic in a calcareous soil using an iron, manganese and aluminum-modified zeoilite. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 16(61): 39-54. (In Persian with English Summary).
Banedj Schafie, S. 2015. Effect of a superabsorbent polymer on the growth of Panicum antidotale and nitrogen leaching. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research, 22(3): 595-605.
Bano, S.A, and Ashfaq, D. 2013. Role of mycorrhiza to reduce heavy metal stress. Natural Science, 5(12): 16-20.
Brady, E. 1993. Revegetation and environmental management of lead-zinc mine tailings. M. Phil. Thesis, Department of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, U.K.
Daei, G., Ardekani, M.R., Rejali, F., Teimuri, S., and Miransari, M. 2009. Alleviation of salinity stress on wheat yield, yield components, and nutrient uptake using arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under field conditions. Journal of Plant Physiology, 166: 617-625.
Doula, M.K., Elaiopoulos, K., Kavvadias, VA., and Mavraganis, V. 2012. Use of clinoptilolite to improve and protect soil quality from disposal of oil mills wastes. Journal Hazard Mater, 207–208:103–110.
Ercisli, S., Esitken, A., Cangi, R., and Sahin, F. 2003. Adventitious root formation of kiwifruit in relation to sampling date, IBA and Agrobacterium rubi inoculation. Plant Growth Regulatio, 4: 133-137.
Giovannetti, M., and Mosse, B. 1980. An evaluation of techniques for measuring vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in roots. Journal of New Phytologist, 84: 489-500.
Ginocchio, R., and Baker, A. J. 2004. Metallophytes in Latin America: a remarkable biological and genetic resource scarcely known and studied in the region. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 77:185–194.
Gonzalez-Chavez, M. C., Carrillo-Gonzalez, R., Wright, S. F., and Nichols, K. 2004. The role of glomalin, a protein produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in sequestering potentially toxic elements. Environmental Pollution, 130:317-323.
Gonzalez-Guerrero, M., Azcon-Aguilar, C., Mooney, M., Valderas, A., McDiarmid, C.W., Eide, D.J., and Ferrol, N. 2005. Characterization of a Glomus intraradices gene encoding a putative Zn transporter of the cation diffusion facilitator family. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 42 (2):130-140.
Hu, J., Wang, H., Wu, F., Wu, Sh., Cao, Zh., Lin, X., and Wong, M. 2014. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi influence the accumulation and partitioning of Cd and P in bashfulgrass (Mimosa pudica L.) grown on a moderately Cd-contaminated soil, Applied Soil Ecology, 73: 51-57.
Jafari, M., Tavili, A., and Ali, M. 2012. Application of Superabsorbent on soil moisture retention and establishment of Atriplex canescens in arid area. Renewable Natural Resources Research, 3(2): 11-18.
Jones, M.D., and Hutchinson, T.C. 1988. Nickel toxicity in mycorrhizal birch seedlings infected with Lactarius rufus or Scleroderma flavidum Effects on growth, photo- synthesis, respiration and transpiration. New Phytologist, 108, 451-459.
Joner, E. J., and Leyval, C. 2001. Time course of heavy metal uptake in maize and clover as affected by root density and different mycorrhizal inoculation regimes. Biology Fertilization Soils, 33:351- 357.
Kabiri, A. 2005. Superabsorbent, Introduction to Applied. The third workshop and seminar application of super absorbent in agriculture: Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute.
Keiffer, C.H., and Ungar, I.A. 2002. Germination and establishment of halophytes on brine-affected soils. Journal of Applied Ecology, 39: 402–415.Kim, SM., Suh, J., Oh, S., Son, J., Hyun, C. U., Park, H. D., Shin, S. H., and Choi, Y. 2016. Assessing and prioritizing environmental hazards associated with abandoned mines in Gangwon-do, South Korea: the Total Mine Hazards Index. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75:1–4
Kumar, A., Raghuwanshi, R., and Upadhyay, R.S. 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhizal technology in reclamation and revegetation of coal mine spoils under various revegetation models. Engineering, 2: 683–689
Kumpiene, J., Lagerkvist, A., and Maurice, C. 2008. Stabilization of As, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in soils using amendments. A Review Waste Management, 28:215–225.
Laurence, D. 2011. Establishing a sustainable mining operation: an overview. Journal of Cleaner Production, 9:278–284
Li-ping, W., Kui-mei, Q., Shi-long, H., and Bo, F. 2009. Fertilizing reclamation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on coal mine complex substrate. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 1: 1101–1106
Madejón, E., Doronila, A.I., Madejón, P., Baker, A.J.M., and Woodrow, I.E. 2012. Biosolids, mycorrhizal fungi and eucalypts for phytostabilization of arsenical sulphidic mine tailings. Agroforestry Systems, 84:389–399.
Mahar, A., Wang, P, Ali, A., Kumar Awasthi, M., Lahori, A., Wang, Q, Li, R., and Zhang, Z. 2016. Challenges and opportunities in the phytoremediation of heavy metals contaminated soils: A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 126:111–121.
Marschner H.1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants, 2nd edn. Academic, London.
Mench, M., Lepp, N., Bert, V., Schwitzguebel, J.P., Gawronski, S.W., Schröder, P., and Vangronsveld, J. 2010. Successes and limitations of phytotechnologies at field scale: outcomes, assessment and outlook from COST Action 859. Journal Soils Sediments, 10:1039–1070.
Moazzen Ghasemi, B., Akbari, G. H., Zohorian, M. J., and Nikniaee, A. B. 2009. An Evaluation of Growth and Yield of Forage Corn with Application of Different Levels of Super Absorbent Polymer (SUPERAB A200) and under Drought Stress. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 40(3): 1- 8.
Mozgawa W., and Bajda T. 2005. Spectroscopic study of heavy metals sorption on clinoptilolite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 31:709–713.
Neagoe, A., Merten, D., Iordache, V., and Buechel, G. 2009. The effect of bioremediation methods involving different degrees of soil disturbance on the export of metals by leaching and by plant uptake. Chemie der Erde / Geochemistry, 69:57–73.
Neagoe, A., Iordache, V., Bergmann, H., Kothe, E. 2013. Patterns of effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on plants grown in contaminated soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 176(2): 273- 286.
Noyd, R.K., Peger, F.L., and Norland, M.R. 1996. Field responses to added organic matter, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and fertilizer in reclamation of torbonite iron ore tailing. Plant Soil, 179: 89 - 97.
Orzeszyna, H., Garlikowski, D. and Pawlowski, A. 2006. Using of geocomposite with superabsorbent synetic polymers as water retention element in vegetative latters. Polish Academy of Sciences, 20: 201-206.
Pawlowska, T.E., Douds, D.D., and Charvat, I. 1999. In vitro propagation and life cycle of the arbuscular my- corrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatum. Mycological Research, 103: 1549-1556.
Petrov, P., Zheleva, E., and Ivanova, S. 2016. Restoration processes in ecosystems within the rehabilitated mining sites of Dpminc Chelopech. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 17(4): 1334–1344
Phillips, J. M., and Hayman, D. S. 1970. Improved procedure for clearing roots and staining parasites and vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Journal of Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 55: 158–161.
Rafiee, z. 2009. Comparing effect of hydrogel and compost on establishment and growth properties of Haloxilon aphyllum and (case study: Yazd). M.s Dissertation, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Tehran, Iran. (In Persian with English Summary)
Ruíz-Baltazar, A., and Pérez, R. 2015. Kinetic Adsorption Study of Silver Nanoparticles on Natural Zeolite: Experimental and Theoretical Models. Journal of Applied Sciences, 5, 1869-1881.
Sharma, A., and Sharma, A., 2013. Role of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza in the mycorrhiza in the mycoremediation of heavy toxic metals from soil. International Journal of Life Science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR), 2(3): 418-431.
Smith S.E., and Read D.J. 2008. Mycorrhizal symbiosis. Academic Press, London.
Sprocati, A.R., Alisi, C., Pinto, V., Montereali, M.R., Marconi, P., Tasso, F., Turnau, K., De Giudici, G., Goralska, K., Bevilacqua, M., and Marini, F. 2014. Assessment of the applicability of a ‘‘toolbox’’ designed for microbially assisted phytoremediation: the case study at Ingurtosu mining site (Italy). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21:6939–6951
Sheoran, V., Sheoran,A., and Poonia,P. 2011. Role of hyperaccumulators in phytoex- traction of metals from contaminated mining sites: a review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 41: 168–214.
Venkateswarlu, K., Nirola, R., Kuppusamy, S., Thavamani, P., Naidu, R., and Megharaj, M. 2016. Abandoned metalliferous mines: ecological impacts and potential approaches for reclamation. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, 15:327–354
Weissenhorn, I., Leyval, C., and Berthelin, J. 1993. Cd- tolerant arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi from heavy- metal polluted soils. Plant Soil, 157: 247-256.
Wingenfelder, U., Hansen, C., Farrer, G., and Schulin, R. 2005. Removal of Heavy Metals from Mine Waters by Natural Zeolites. Environmental Science Technology, 39:4606-4613.
Wong, M.H. 2003. Ecological restoration of mine degraded soils, with emphasis on metal contaminated soils. Chemosphere, 50: 775–780
Wuana, R.A., and Okieimen, F.E. 2011. Heavy metals in contaminated soils: are view of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. International Scholarly Research Notices Ecology, 1–20.
Yari, S., Khalighi-Sigaroodi, F., and Moradi, P. 2013. Effects of different levels of zeolite on plant growth and amount of gel production in Aloe vera L. under different irrigation. Journal of Medicinal Plant, 4(48): 72-81. (In Persian with English Summary)
Yenilmez, F., Kuter, N., Emil, M. K., and Aksoy, A. 2011. Evaluation of pollution levels at an abandoned coal mine site in Turkey with the aid of GIS. International Journal of Coal Geology, 86:12–19.
Zhi Bin, L., Keli, I., Xangning, J., and Poiie, A. 2009. Ectomycorrhizal fungus (Paxillus involutus) and hydrogels affect performance of Populus eufratica exposed to drouth stress. Annals of Forest Science, 66(1): 106-114.
Zangooei Nasab, Sh., Imami, H., Astaraei, A. R., and Yari, A. R. 2012. The effects of Stockosorb hydrogel and irrigation on growth and establishment of Saxaul plant. The First National Conference on Farm Water Management, 1-9.