بررسی تاثیر کاربرد اسید هیومیک و ورمی کمپوست بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد زیره سبز (Cuminum cyminum L.)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

2 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تاثیر سطوح ورمی کمپوست و اسید هیومیک بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد زیره سبز، آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال زراعی 96-1395 در مزرعه‌ای واقع در شهرستان مبارکه انجام شد. عوامل آزمایش شامل ورمی کمپوست در سه سطح (عدم مصرف، مصرف 5 و 10 تن در هکتار) و محلول پاشی اسید هیومیک در چهار سطح (صفر، 2، 4 و 6 لیتر در هکتار) بود. نتایج نشان داد بیشترین ارتفاع گیاه و وزن هزار دانه با کاربرد ورمی کمپوست به‌میزان 10 تن در هکتار به‌دست آمد. کاربرد 5 و 10 تن ورمی کمپوست در هکتار، باعث افزایش معنی‌دار تعداد دانه در چتر به‌ترتیب به‌میزان 19 و 26 درصد نسبت به شاهد (عدم مصرف) گردید. بیشترین عملکرد دانه و تعداد چتر در بوته نیز در تیمارهای محلول پاشی 4 و 6 لیتر در هکتار اسید هیومیک و کاربرد 10 تن ورمی کمپوست مشاهده شد. محلول پاشی اسید هیومیک به‌مقدار 4 لیتر در هکتار در شرایط کاربرد 0، 5 و 10 تن ورمی کمپوست، باعث افزایش معنی‌دار عملکرد بیولوژیک به-ترتیب به‌میزان 5/28، 2/14 و 8/9 درصد نسبت به شاهد (عدم محلول پاشی) گردید. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش حاضر، می‌توان اظهار داشت که با مصرف کودهای آلی به‌ویژه کاربرد ترکیبی آنها، ضمن افزایش عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد زیره سبز و همچنین کاهش آلودگی‌های زیست محیطی ناشی از مصرف کودهای شیمیایی می‌توان به اهداف کشاورزی پایدار دست یافت.

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